tempobet yeni adresi
like this article review

29/03/2019 : VARIOUS ARTISTS - A BRIEF HISTORY OF: THE SPECIALS, SKA AND TWO TONE

VARIOUS ARTISTS

A BRIEF HISTORY OF: THE SPECIALS, SKA AND TWO TONE

Article
PunkReggaeSka 29/03/2019, Kevin BURKE

There is proof that music can break down barriers instead of building them. When a country is divided, when it is rejecting its multicultural society, a reminder is needed of how those migrant settlers invested into the life blood of a country when it was crying out to understand itself. Looking to the causation and result hits best across the airwaves. The art that was created to mirror the concrete wastelands, within the fear and uncertainty music was the catalyst. It was the forging of different race, after all, when allowed music transcends.

Music can also raise two fingers, but here, instead they were raised in defiance, used to extinguish the flame on the fuse burning towards that powder keg of a racial tension which engulfed Britain in the mid 1970s. Feelings needed to be displayed which standard rock music of the day could not convey or is not built on the foundations of, as songs of perfect love and perfect heartbreak ruled the airwaves, the youth needed to stand up for itself.

That frustrated youth inspired social upheaval found a voice in punk, the dole-queue generation found messiahs and spokesmen and women in a very simplistic and direct style of music. The voice of Jamaica was already ringing in people’s ears with the popularity of Bob Marley, his powerful lyrics and very interpretable style influenced even the old guard of rockers such as Eric Clapton to cover his music, so the warm breeze was already starting to blow in Europe’s direction.

The music known as SKA originated in Jamaica,
combining elements of Caribbean-mento and calypso with an injection of American jazz with rhythm and blues, a precursor to reggae and rocksteady. In musical terms it took the sounds that were carried across oceans and melted them into their own approach to music, similar to the birth of rock and roll in the 1950s America.

In turn the Ska format got carried through those immigrants from Jamaica arriving to British shores and joined the mod English Boy. Fusing both inherent styles they created a music wholly unique, perhaps one of the most defining music forms of the twentieth century and one whose origins are the result of social unrest.

The phrase ‘Two Tone’ came directly from The Specials keyboard player Jerry Dammers who formed the label with the assistance of Horace Panter and graphic designer John Sims who created the iconic Walt Jabsco logoto represent the two-tone genre. It was here The Specials ,or as they can be known The Specials AKA came to the fore. Founded in Coventry in 1977 by the aforementioned Dammers along with vocalist Terry Hall(replacing Tim Strickland), bassist Horace Panter, guitarist Lynval Golding and drummer Silverton Hutchinson. The band started life as the Automatics, then the Coventry Automatics, a year later at the same time as the 1978 Rock Against Racism event and concert the band were finally named The Specials after the extra added members of vocalist Neville Staple and guitarist Roddy Radiation.

It is no coincidence that it took the stand by the fresh punk bands of the day at the Rock Against Racism to finally launch the band in its own right, it was the core of the bands belief, the sight of the 100,000 marching from Trafalgar Square to London’s East End was the final inspiration for Jerry Dammers and the direction this new band would take. The first album released in the summer of 1979 and simply titled ‘The Specials’ is a result of nurture, a sound created which took elements from its surroundings, a ‘Velvet Underground And Nico’ moment, but in The Specials case it was one finest produced records of the 70s.

Often criticized, the production was handled by Elvis Costello, already making a name for himself as a recording artist the smoothness and steady flow of the album was seen at the time to have been a downside. A sound too polished did not suit the punk records of the day, but what the critics failed to realize is this was not just a punk record, this was something far different, an idea which had been attempted before by UK bands and had failed. The added sound from the horn players, Dick Cuthell and Rico Rodrigue let waves of Caribbean bliss slip across the record, distancing it more so from the music of the day but offering an alternative of sorts, a fresh approach, the world needed this, the British public needed it.
That public however were well aware of the bands brilliance, the first single unleashed ‘A Message To You Rudi’ reaches number-ten(UK) at the same time, their second release from the ep ‘Too Much Too Young’ hit the number one spot on the UK singles chart.


As the colorful 80s dawned, the checked black and white of The Specials stood out,
wedged between punk and new wave the fact the band survived is a testament to the public's embrace of not just the music but the idealism and acceptance of what ‘two-tone’ stood ultimately stood for.

Kevin BURKE
29/03/2019


 

Next reviews
VARIOUS ARTISTS • A BRIEF HISTORY OF: KRAUTROCK AND THE GERMAN MUSICAL REVOLUTION
COMBICHRIST • Hate Like Me
UNKNOWN INSTRUCTORS • Unwilling To Explain
REALITY'S DESPAIR • Human Transitions
AUTOGRAMM • What R U Waiting 4?
TINY FIGHTER • Tell Me
NEON ELECTRONICS • Apollo
ART DIKTATOR • Isola
LADYTRON • Ladytron
DER KLINKE • Decade

 

Other reviews from VARIOUS ARTISTS
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Electrostorm vol. 9
VARIOUS ARTISTS • PERIHELION 2134
VARIOUS ARTISTS • DARKSIDE OF THE CON III
VARIOUS ARTISTS • A BRIEF HISTORY OF: KRAUTROCK AND THE GERMAN MUSICAL REVOLUTION
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Sherwood at the Controls 2 (1985 - 1990)
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Bipolar Sounds Volume 1
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Sharon Signs To Cherry Red (Independent Women 1979-1985)
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Studio One Showcase
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Young & Cold IV -Festival Sampler Vol.3
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Underground Wave - Volume 5

 

Same genre: PUNK
STRUGGLER • Wilma (Determinated Protector)
THE MEMBRANES • What Nature Gives… Nature Takes Away
ERNEST MOON • Ba-Jesus
THE SPECIALS • Encore
PAUL MADDOG AND HIS BAND AISLING • Winter In London
RAT SCABIES • Rat Scabies - P.H.D.
STRUGGLER • The Gap
VIRGIN IN VEIL • Deviances
CULTURE SHOCK • Attention Span
PUFF • Living In The Partyzone

 

Same genre: REGGAE
THE BEAT FT. RANKING ROGER • Bounce
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Studio One Showcase
FAT FREDDY'S DROP • Bays
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Front Line Presents Reggae Discomixes
CULTURE • On The Frontline

 

Same genre: SKA
THE NEVILLE STAPLE BAND • Put Away Your Knives (Aka: Take Heed)
RANDOM HAND • Hit Reset
VARIOUS ARTISTS • Studio One Jump-Up:

Music reviews

16
01
IMPLANT
Phantom Pain
15
01
DD SANCHEZ
StRaNgE
10
01
BLACK SNOW IN SUMMER
Lost Feelings
09
01
CAUSENATION
Promises of hope and fear
09
01
HA:PEOPLE.3.55
El Dia de la Bestia, Part 2 : WAR!
08
01
RUE OBERKAMPF
Negativraum

NEWSLETTER

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter.

NEWS

16
01
26 years Divine Rapture | Celebrating The Siouxsie and the Banshees 1995 and final album!
15
01
Brand new Front Line Assembly album 'Mechanical Soul' out today!
15
01
The Dreams Will Always Linger | Remembering Dolores O’Riordan - 3 Year Anniversary
14
01
On this night, 42 years ago, Joy Division played at King Kong, Antwerp (B)!
14
01
Today, 42 years ago, the Sex Pistols played their historic 'last' show! Watch it here!!
12
01
Happy Birthday Rob Zombie! (56)

Concert reviews

24
09
RED ZEBRA
29 augustus 2020 - Zarlarswing

GET A COPY OF OUR MAGAZINE
SEND TO YOUR HOME

INTERVIEWS

07
01
MAMAN KUSTERS
‘Let’s Keep It Intriguing
16
12
THE BREATH OF LIFE
'No, I never considered quitting making music. Nor to taste good special beers.'
05
12
CEVIN KEY (SKINNY PUPPY, DOWNLOAD)
'It really has been like the formation of a new band in a lot of ways...'
03
12
ALEX SKOLNICK (TESTAMENT, ALEX SKOLNICK TRIO)
'I was as knocked out as I was hearing Van Halen...'
14
11
PROYECTO MIRAGE
I Think We Needed A Break

PHOTOS

25
09
PETER HEPPNER
Strandkorb Open Air Mönchengladbach
20
09
STAR-INDUSTRY
Liège New Wave Festival
20
09
DEER DEAR
Liège New Wave Festival
20
09
LARVA
Liège New Wave Festival
20
09
LIZARD SMILE
Liège New Wave Festival
20
09
DELERITAS
Liège New Wave Festival
20
08
JUSTIN SULLIVAN & GASTONE
Kreisverwaltung Groß-Gerau

ADVERTISE
IN PEEK-A-BOO

VIDEO CLIPS

16
01
PSY'AVIAH
Not What I Expected
15
01
LEATHER STRIP
Strap me down
14
01
ANATOMIA HUMANA DESMONTABLE
Enfermedad
13
01
MOLLY NILSSON
1995
12
01
COIL
Tattooed Man
11
01
SURGICAL METH MACHINE
I'm Invisible
10
01
DAVID BOWIE
Modern Love